What is SOC 2

SOC 2 is a data security compliance standard developed by the American Institute of CPAs (AICPA). The standard focuses on the secure handling and management of customer data. SOC 2 reports are most commonly utilized by service providers. For any business or organization, SOC 2 compliance is a powerful way to show customers and prospects that it is committed to protecting their data and they have the procedures in place to do so effectively.

Achieving a Successful SOC 2 Report

Organizations need to make several decisions leading up to their SOC 2 audit regarding the report types, the scope of their audit, and what CPA firm to work with.

There are two different SOC 2 reports, Type 1 and Type 2.

Type 1 report: Describes a vendor’s environment and whether the security control design is suitable to meet relevant principles. This report is a point-in-time evaluation of the design of a security program.

Type 2 report: Tests the operational effectiveness of those systems and their controls over a period of time. This report is an evaluation of the execution of a security program.

The SOC 2 Type 2 is the more valuable report because it demonstrates a greater commitment to data security. The Type 1 report could be a good option for businesses or organizations working towards a security certification for the first time.

SOC 2 is more flexible than other security frameworks because it allows organizations to design and implement their own controls. The standard focuses on the 5 AICPA Trust Service Principles: Security, Availability, Confidentiality, Processing Integrity, and Privacy.


SOC 2 Trust Service Principles include Security, Availability, Processing Integrity, Confidentiality and Privacy

The Security principle is required for all organizations. When crafting a scope, organizations need to identify which of the remaining principles are relevant to their operations. Most organizations will need to include the Confidentiality principle in their scope.

When it’s time for your SOC 2 audit, it must be conducted by a licensed CPA that you select. The auditors will examine your security controls and issue a report with one of these opinions:

  • Unqualified Opinion: The equivalent of a “pass.”
  • Qualified Opinion: A mostly clean report but there was some sort of issue found. Organizations can proceed with a Qualified Opinion, opting to explain to customers and partners why the exception was rare and how it was fixed.
  • Adverse Opinion: The equivalent of a “fail.”
  • Disclaimer of Opinion: This happens when the required evidence wasn’t provided to the auditor.


The Benefits of a SOC 2 Report

SOC 2 is a highly recognized attestation that can serve as a business driver. It allows organizations to demonstrate they have an effective, secure system in place for protecting data. A SOC 2 report will quickly gain the trust of customers by showing you are committed to information security.

How We Can Help

CompliancePoint has a full suite of services designed to guide organizations through every step of a successful SOC 2 attestation. Our experienced staff can help you design controls that will best fit your existing operations. Through our readiness assessment, you will learn what controls you are not satisfying, how to remediate any existing gaps, and what controls lack proper documentation. Once your organization has completed a successful audit, we can help manage your SOC 2 program on an ongoing basis to ensure your organization remains compliant.

At CompliancePoint we have established relationships with many reputable CPA firms and can help connect you with one that is a good match for your needs.

Failure to comply with relevant requirements can have a devastating impact on your organization. Don't take chances, let our experts help.

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